Reflective Essay Examples English 102 Liberty

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College of General Studies

Administration

Bruce Bell, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Associate Dean, College of General Studies
Professor of Business and Communication

Wayne Patton, B.A., M.A.R., M.Div., D.Min.
Associate Dean, College of General Studies
Associate Professor of Religion

Mark A. Tinsley, B.S., M.S., M.A.R., M.Div., Th.M., M.F.A., D.Min.
Associate Dean, College of General Studies
Associate Professor of Earth Science

Yaw Adu-Gyamfi, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, College of General Studies
Professor of English

Cynthia Bunker, B.S., D.V.M.
Chair, College of General Studies
Professor of Biology

Brad Burgess, B.S., A.A.S., M.B.A., M.A.R.
Chair, College of General Studies
Assistant Professor of Religion

Jamaica Conner, B.S., M.Ed.
Chair, College of General Studies
Assistant Professor of English

Monica J. Hardin, B.S.Ed., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, College of General Studies
Associate Professor of History

Amy Hassenpflug, B.A., M.Ed.
Chair, College of General Studies
Assistant Professor of General Studies

Cynthia Perry, B.A., M.S.
Chair, College of General Studies
Instructor of Mathematics

Carolyn Towles, B.S., M.Ed.
Chair, College of General Studies
Assistant Professor of English


Faculty

The faculty roster, which can be sorted by department and faculty type, is available at http://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=26.


PURPOSE
The College of General Studies (CGS) was founded in 2011 to organize and deliver general education coursework to the University’s first- and second-year students.  CGS offers courses in areas such as English, technology, humanities/fine arts, natural science, mathematics, and social/behavioral sciences, and has a dedicated faculty who focus on delivering innovative and effective education to their students. 

GOALS
The College of General Studies’ goals include:

  1. Enriching the freshman and sophomore experience in the classroom through a rigorous and coherent sequence of courses;
  2. Increasing student success through programs such as freshman learning communities and pedagogical innovations; and
  3. Supporting students’ learning with easy access to academic services. 

In addition, the College of General Studies spearheads University instruction and assessment efforts in relation to core competencies such as communication and critical thinking.

CENTER FOR CULTURAL STUDIES
Founded in Fall 2015, the Center for Cultural Studies, housed in the College of General Studies, offers coursework, lectures, and community events relating to the study of culture in its many forms.  Topics discussed include pop culture, race relations, technology, film, and current events. For more information, contact the College of General Studies.

General Education Guidelines
The general education component is tailored to the individual degree program by drawing from the University’s approved general education course options. The institution requires in each undergraduate degree program the successful completion of a general education component at the collegiate level that:

  1. is a substantial component of each undergraduate degree;
  2. ensures breadth of knowledge; and
  3. is based on a coherent rationale.

For degree completion in associate programs, the component constitutes a minimum of 15 semester hours or the equivalent.  For baccalaureate programs, the component constitutes a minimum of 30 semester hours or the equivalent. These credit hours must include at least one course from each of the following areas.

  1. humanities/fine arts (HFA);
  2. social/behavioral sciences (SBS); and
  3. natural science/mathematics (NSM).

A complete listing of approved courses is displayed in the “Approved Residential General Education and Integrative Courses” and the “Approved General Education Courses for Online Programs” sections. The courses do not narrowly focus on those skills, techniques, and procedures specific to a particular occupation or profession. The institution provides a written justification and rationale for course equivalency.

Rules/Principles for Approval of General Education Courses

  1. Required General Education courses must be general;
  1. General education courses must be open to students of all majors, without heavy loads of prerequisite requirements
  2. Courses must not be reducible to a narrow or focused skill (e.g. guitar lessons cannot substitute for Music Appreciation)
  3. Courses must contribute to preparing students for a breadth of degree programs/careers
  1. General Education courses contribute to the University's plan to ensure that students satisfy certain Core Competencies.
  2. In the event that a 300- or 400- level course is required to fulfill a requirement as a general education course, it must not be considered part of any major/program requirements (directed electives are acceptable, however).

Information Technology

PURPOSE
Information Technology (INFT) is designed to assist students in developing and demonstrating foundational technology competency and proficiency that will lead to success in their college program coursework and future careers.  All incoming residential students, both freshmen and transfer, have the option to take an assessment in Information Technology their first semester to determine basic competency.  The Information Technology assessment covers areas in computer concepts, including file management, email, word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software.

The competency requirements may be met by either passing the assessments or taking a course, INFT 110 (Computer Concepts and Applications) or INFT 111 (Computer Concepts and Applications – MAC only).  In addition, students may complete a combination of assessments and coursework (INFT 102, 103, and/or 104) to fulfill the competency requirements. Online students develop their technology skills by other varied means, and online students beginning at Liberty complete UNIV 104 (Instructional Technology for Online Learning) to assure technological competency.


General Education Requirements for Residential Programs

The College of General Studies oversees the majority of courses included in the University’s General Education Requirements, which were adopted in 1990 by the faculty of Liberty University for all baccalaureate degree students. The goal is to ensure that all undergraduate students receive breadth of learning, as well as to prepare students to fulfill the specific requirements of their individual college/school and major fields of study. An undergraduate curriculum of required basic General Education courses serves as a foundation for later specialization. 

CORE COMPETENCIES, DEFINITIONS, AND OUTCOMES

Communication: The ability to elicit, synthesize, and respond clearly to quality information in an effective, correct, and appropriate format.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Produce well-structured, sound communications in various modes of discourse.
  2. Demonstrate knowledge of diction, syntax, grammar, and mechanics to sentence and essay revision and editing.
  3. Write a critical analysis of a literary, historical, and / or rhetorical work.
  4. Integrate credible sources accurately and effectively.
  5. Deliver effective public oral presentations using situationally appropriate verbal and non-verbal messages.

Information comes from a variety of textual, visual, and other forms of media. In the following definition, the term 'information' refers to the source as well as the content.

Information Literacy:
The ability to:

  • Recognize the need for information
  • Strategically discover and organize information
  • Use established criteria* to critique information and its sources
  • Responsibly contribute to the conversation surrounding information

*Established criteria are reliability, validity, accuracy, authority, timeliness, contextualization, and point of view or bias.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Determine the nature and extent of information needed.
  2. Discover and evaluate information.
  3. Access and use information legally and ethically.
  4. Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.

Critical Thinking: The process of evaluating information gained through observation, reflection, or research, to reach logical conclusions and to guide decision- making.

 Learning Outcomes

  1. Evaluate information to determine if it is supported by the evidence.
  2. Determine the relevance of information in evaluating an argument or conclusion
  3. Recognize flaws and logical inconsistencies in an argument.
  4. Generate conclusions based on credible research, analysis, and interpretation.
  5. Apply reading comprehension strategies including interpreting, evaluating and analyzing written content.

Math, Science, and Technology: The reasoning, quantitative, and technology proficiencies necessary for general life skills and application to a wide variety of disciplines.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Solve problems (including word problems) utilizing arithmetic concepts and algebraic equations.
  2. Interpret information presented in various graphs and diagrams.
  3. Solve problems requiring insight or logical reasoning.
  4. Demonstrate basic competency in operating systems, word processing, spreadsheets, email, and presentation software.
  5. Distinguish between scientific data and scientific interpretation.
  6. Distinguish between empirical and historical science.
  7. Recognize the usefulness and limitations of the scientific method.

Christian Life & Thought: The biblical worldview is a coherent way of understanding God, humanity, and the world; it derives its principles from the Bible and applies them in order to direct belief and action.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Define worldview as a concept
  2. Identify the components of a biblical worldview
  3. Know the difference between a biblical and non-biblical worldview.
  4. Apply a biblical perspective to topics such as the natural world, human identity and relationships, and culture and civilization.
  5. Practice his or her chosen major/program of study in a manner consistent with a Biblical/Christian worldview.

DEVELOPMENTAL ENGLISH
ENGL 100 (Basic Composition) is a developmental English course designed to help students improve their writing skills by studying correct usage of grammar and mechanics, organizing their thoughts for written assignments, and composing organized paragraphs and essays through the writing process.  ENGL 100 is a review of writing concepts established at the secondary level, such as a study of the basic modes of writing, grammar/mechanics, organizing techniques, and correct usage, providing essential tools of writing to students who do not have prerequisite English skills for college-level English.

CORE COMPETENCY REQUIREMENTS
Degree Completion Plans for residential students are organized according to core competencies, basic knowledge and skills that all students need for successful completion of their program of study.

The General Education Requirements for some majors may vary; however, the General Education Requirements for most majors leading to the Bachelor of Science in the residential degree programs are:

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) (58-65 hrs)
General Education Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
COMMUNICATION (6-9 hrs)
ENGL 101Composition and Rhetoric3
Choose one of the following:3-6
COMS 101Speech Communication
ENGR 270Technical Communication
OR
SCOM 110Media and Culture
AND
SCOM 226Interpersonal and Group Communication
MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (9-12 hrs)
MATH (above 115)3
NAT SCI Elective3
NAT SCI, MATH, BUSI 2013
Technology Competency
INFT 102PowerPoint0-1
INFT 103Excel0-1
INFT 104Word0-1
INFORMATION LITERACY (6 hrs)
Choose one of the following courses:3
ENGL 102Composition and Literature
MUSC 200Music, Art, Worship & Culture
ARTS 209Art as Communication
Choose one of the following courses:3
HIEU 201History of Western Civilization I
HIEU 202History of Western Civilization II
HIUS 221Survey of American History I
HIUS 222Survey of American History II
HIUS 223Survey of American History I On Site
CRITICAL THINKING (15 hrs)
Choose one: ENGL 201, 202, 215, 216, 221, 222, MUSC 213, 314, 371, ARTS 205, 2143
Choose one: GOVT 200, PSYC 101, 210, SOCI 200, 2013
PHIL 201Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas3
Choose one of the following:
Cultural Studies/Fine Arts & General Education Elective Option
Choose one: CSTU 101, 102, THEA 101, ARTS 105, CINE 101, MUSC 103, 311, 312, 3133
Gen Ed Elective (non-language) 13
Language Option
LANG Elective 26
CHRISTIAN LIFE & THOUGHT (22-23 hrs)
BIBL 105Old Testament Survey  33
BIBL 110New Testament Survey 43
BWVW 101Biblical Worldview I1
BWVW 102Biblical Worldview II1
CRST 290History of Life2-3
EVAN 101Evangelism and the Christian Life2
PSYC 150Psychology of Relationship Development3
THEO 201Theology Survey I3
THEO 202Theology Survey II3
UNIV 101University Core Competencies 51
NOTE: ALL GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES MUST BE CHOSEN FROM THE LIST OF “APPROVED RESIDENTIAL GENERAL EDUCATION & INTEGRATIVE COURSES.” (www.liberty.edu/gened)

All courses except ENGL and Language qualify for the General Education elective

Must be the same language

Honor students have the option to take: BIBL 205 - Old Testament Life and Literature to meet this requirement.

Honor students have the option to take: BIBL 210 - New Testament Life and Literature to meet this requirement.

"Requirement is waived for students transferring in 60 or more hours."


The General Education Requirements for majors leading to the Bachelor of Artsare:

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) (70-77 hrs)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
COMMUNICATION (6-9 hrs)
ENGL 101Composition and Rhetoric3
Choose one of the following:3-6
COMS 101Speech Communication
ENGR 270Technical Communication
OR
SCOM 110Media and Culture
AND
SCOM 226Interpersonal and Group Communication
MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, & TECHNOLOGY (6-9 hrs)
MATH (above 110)3
NAT SCI3
Technology Competency
INFT 102PowerPoint0-1
INFT 103Excel0-1
INFT 104Word0-1
INFORMATION LITERACY (9 hrs)
Choose one of the following:3
ENGL 102Composition and Literature
MUSC 200Music, Art, Worship & Culture
ARTS 209Art as Communication
Chose two of the following:6
HIEU 201History of Western Civilization I
HIEU 202History of Western Civilization II
HIUS 221Survey of American History I
HIUS 222Survey of American History II
HIUS 223Survey of American History I On Site
CRITICAL THINKING (9 hrs)
Choose one: ENGL 201, 202, 215, 216, 221, 222, MUSC 213, 314, 371, ARTS 205, 2143
Choose one: CSTU 101, 102, THEA 101, ARTS 105, CINE 101, MUSC 103, 311, 312, 3133
PHIL 201Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas3
CHRISTIAN LIFE & THOUGHT (22-23 hrs)
BIBL 105Old Testament Survey  13
BIBL 110New Testament Survey 23
BWVW 101Biblical Worldview I1
BWVW 102Biblical Worldview II1
CRST 290History of Life2-3
EVAN 101Evangelism and the Christian Life2
PSYC 150Psychology of Relationship Development3
THEO 201Theology Survey I3
THEO 202Theology Survey II3
UNIV 101University Core Competencies 31
LIBERAL ARTS FOCUS (18 hrs)
Language (Must be one language)12
Integrative Studies 46

Honor students have the option to take: BIBL 205 - Old Testament Life and Literature to meet this requirement.

Honor students have the option to take: BIBL 210 - New Testament Life and Literature to meet this requirement.

"Requirement is waived for students transferring in 60 or more hours."

As part of the Core Competency requirements, students may select one course for Integrative Studies which contains the same prefix as courses within the major. Integratives may only be taken after the student has achieved 60 hours.


The General Education Requirements leading to the Associate of Applied Science in the residential degree programs are:

Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.) (38-45 hrs)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (24-30 hrs)
COMMUNICATION (6-9 hrs)
ENGL 101Composition and Rhetoric3
Choose one of the following:3-6
COMS 101Speech Communication
ENGR 270Technical Communication
OR
SCOM 110Media and Culture
AND
SCOM 226Interpersonal and Group Communication
MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (12-15 hrs)
MATH Elective (MATH 115 or higher)3
Natural Science Elective3
Technology Competency
INFT 102PowerPoint0-1
INFT 103Excel0-1
INFT 104Word0-1
BUSI 101Introduction to Business3
BUSI 201Intermediate Business Computer Applications3
INFORMATION LITERACY (3 hrs)
ENGL 103Technical Communication for the Professions3
CRITICAL THINKING (3 hrs)
GEN ED ELECTIVE  13
CHRISTIAN LIFE & THOUGHT (14-15 hrs)
BWVW 101Biblical Worldview I1
BWVW 102Biblical Worldview II1
CRST 290History of Life2-3
OR
EVAN 101Evangelism and the Christian Life3
PSYC 150Psychology of Relationship Development3
UNIV 101University Core Competencies1
Choose any two of the four: 6
BIBL 105Old Testament Survey 3
BIBL 110New Testament Survey3
THEO 201Theology Survey I3
THEO 202Theology Survey II3

Choose from CSTU 101 or 102; HLTH 216; PHIL 201; PSYC 101; or SOCI 200


The General Education Requirements leading to the Associate of Arts in the residential degree programs are:

Associate of Arts (A.A.) (46-53 hrs)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
COMMUNICATION (6-9 hrs)
ENGL 101Composition and Rhetoric3
Choose one of the following:3-6
COMS 101Speech Communication
ENGR 270Technical Communication
OR
SCOM 110Media and Culture
AND
SCOM 226Interpersonal and Group Communication
MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, & TECHNOLOGY (6-9 hrs)
MATH (115 or higher)3
NAT SCI 3
Technology Competency
INFT 102PowerPoint0-1
INFT 103Excel0-1
INFT 104Word0-1
INFORMATION LITERACY (6 hrs)
ENGL 102, MUSC 200, ARTS 2093
HIEU 201 or 202 or HIUS 221 or 2223
CRITICAL THINKING (12 hrs)
GOVT 200, PSYC 101 or 210, SOCI 200 or 201 3
PHIL 201Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas3
CSTU 101 or 102, THEA 101, ARTS 105, CINE 101, MUSC 103, 311, 312 or 3133
GEN ED ELECTIVE (non-language)3
CHRISTIAN LIFE & THOUGHT (16-17 hrs)
BWVW 101Biblical Worldview I1
BWVW 102Biblical Worldview II1
CRST 290History of Life2-3
EVAN 101Evangelism and the Christian Life2
PSYC 150Psychology of Relationship Development3
UNIV 101University Core Competencies1
Choose any two of the four6
BIBL 105Old Testament Survey
BIBL 110New Testament Survey
THEO 201Theology Survey I
THEO 202Theology Survey II
ALL GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES MUST BE CHOSEN FROM THE LIST OF “APPROVED RESIDENTIAL GENERAL EDUCATION & INTEGRATIVE COURSES” (www.liberty.edu/gened)

Approved Residential General Education and Integrative Courses

The following lists contain residential general education and integrative courses including all those that fall into each of the three areas listed below.

  1. humanities/fine arts (HFA);
  2. social/behavioral sciences (SBS); and
  3. natural science/mathematics (NSM).
Mathematics, Science, and Technology
MATH 115Mathematics for Liberal ArtsNSM
MATH 116Logic and Social ReasoningNSM
MATH 117Elements of MathematicsNSM
MATH 121College AlgebraNSM
MATH 122TrigonometryNSM
MATH 125Finite MathematicsNSM
MATH 126Elementary Calculus for Business and ScienceNSM
MATH 128Elementary Functions and Coordinate GeometryNSM
MATH 130Advanced Technical MathematicsNSM
MATH 131Calculus and Analytical Geometry INSM
MATH 132Calculus and Analytical Geometry IINSM
MATH 201/
BUSI 230 
Introduction to Probability and StatisticsNSM
MATH 211Introduction to Statistical AnalysisNSM
MATH 217Elementary GeometryNSM
MATH 227Number Systems and GeometryNSM
BIOL 101Principles of Biology1NSM
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology1NSM
BIOL 103Principles of Biology LabNSM
BIOL 104Principles of Human Biology LabNSM
BIOL 203Introductory Microbiology1NSM
BIOL 213Human Anatomy/Physiology I1,2NSM
BIOL 214Human Anatomy/Physiology I Lab1,2NSM
BIOL 215Human Anatomy/Physiology II1,2NSM
BIOL 216Human Anatomy/Physiology II Lab2NSM
BIOL 224General Biology I1NSM
CHEM 105Elements of General Chemistry1NSM
CHEM 107Essentials of General/Organic Chemistry1NSM
CHEM 121General Chemistry I1NSM
CHEM 122General Chemistry II1NSM
ENVR 215Principles of Environmental Science1NSM
ENVR 220Physical Geology1NSM
ENVR 221Physical Geology LabNSM
PHSC 121Introduction to Astronomy1NSM
PHSC 122Elements of Astronomy Lab

Sophia Hill English 102 November 30, 2015 Mrs. Spivey Poem Essay “A Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost I. Theme and mood A. Frost uses the two paths symbolically as a choice to be made between decisions having to be made. B. The sigh in the end of the poem, portrays a sign of regret, or realization of making the wrong choice. II. Figurative language and poetic devices A. The two paths are the journey that lead you to your destiny. B. “Two roads diverged in yellow wood” suggest that its fall season, making the theme seem like “he was falling apart” C. Frost uses rhythm in the poem to keep the readers intrigued in what with happen next. D. The reader can relate to frost because everyone has to make choices. E. The fork, symbolizes free will and fate III. Interpretation of the Poem A. Everyone will interpret it the way they think it means by their own personal experiences. B. “making all the difference” is used sarcastically, suggesting he took the wrong path, and made the wrong decision. C. The path less traveled suggests that he’s contemplating taking that path. D. “Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back.” Interprets that the second road will lead him where he needs to be and he will never get a chance to see what the first path was like.

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