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Proper Bibliographic Reference Format:
- Bibliographic references are double-spaced and indented half an inch after the first line.
- Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles.
- Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title.
- If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the accession or order number at the end of the reference. This can be located within the first pages of the thesis text.
Rashed, D.H. (2008). A case study of international ESL learners’ perceptions of technology use in English language learning (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1456443)
Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication.
Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.
Rashed (2008) examines ESL students’ perceptions of technology use in the classroom.
Thesis and Dissertation Information
The Graduate School, the University Libraries, and the graduate faculty of Penn State have established format standards that a thesis or dissertation must meet before receiving final approval as fulfillment of a graduate requirement. The Office of Theses and Dissertations is the unit of the Graduate School responsible for certifying that theses and dissertations have been prepared in accordance with these established regulations.
Every thesis and dissertation must be reviewed by the Office of Theses and Dissertations for format only and are not edited for spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Master's papers are not reviewed by the Office of Theses and Dissertations.
When a thesis or dissertation is submitted to the Office of Theses and Dissertations, it must meet the formatting and deadline requirements set forth in the Thesis and Dissertation Guide. All doctoral dissertations and master's theses must be submitted electronically. For more information on electronic theses and dissertations (eTDs), visit the eTD website.
The following forms are available in Adobe PDF and accessible Microsoft Word (DOC) format. The Word documents are designed to be used specifically with screen reader technology. Please use the PDF versions of these forms unless you require the use of screen reader technology.
You may need to download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat reader (free) to view and print the PDF documents.
Once documents are completed and you have acquired all of the signatures, please return the form to 115 Kern Graduate Building. ORIGINAL signatures are REQUIRED!
The Statistical Consulting Center gives advice to graduate students working on thesis research. The Graduate Writing Center in 111-H Kern Graduate Building provides consultation to graduate students in all disciplines.
Information about the Graduate School's commencement ceremony.
Questions about theses, dissertations, or Graduate School commencement should be directed to:
Office of Theses and Dissertations
115 Kern Building
University Park, PA 16802