How to Write an Informative essay, useful tips
The aim of your informative essay is not in giving your opinion, but to inform and educate your audience on a topic given. Sometimes, informative speech essays are also called the expository essays and it is not for convincing someone to change his/her beliefs.
In addition, being informative it means to be interesting. Nevertheless, you can share your thoughts concerning the issue you care about, what has surprised you and made think about it, but not in persuasive tone.
Generally, your informative essay might:
- Inform readers about some problem they are not aware
- Explain its importance
- Present the latest research on a topic
- Compare viewpoints on a controversial subjects
- Analyze a cause-effect relationship
Sometimes it happens that creation of your own essay requires analysis and processing of someone’s other informative text and thoughts. To implement this properly, it is worth remembering three simple rules:
- To cut down the field of your own efforts and time spent, it’s not necessary to work with an entire text. Select a specific, most informative fragment and work with it.
- If author’s thoughts are needed to be express, do it, but without distortion and in a short form.
- And the final stage will be your informative presentation, compiled from such passages.
Informative speech essay and its structure
Unlike some other scientific work, informative essays has no clear structure, however, the basic principles of writing must be met. For this course, your essay should be 3–5 pages in length and use at least four sources. Preferably, a formal academic writing style should be used, instead of saying «I think» or relying on personal experience.
The basic structure of an informative essay is very simple. As a simple persuasive essay, it needs to have: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The primary, while writing an essay, is your topic presence. This topic will be the title of your work. The cover page, if needed, should be filled according to your educational institution forms.
The beginning, or introduction, needs to present the topic and grab your audience attention. It needs to include the focus sentence for the entire essay. The first paragraph starts with a general idea (compared to the thesis) and gradually gets more and more specific. Give some background information about the key words and terminology. Foreshadow the key points and main information that your essay will give. After that, finish with your thesis. Usually, the informative essay thesis can be as comparison viewpoints on a controversial subject or different sources data on a certain issue analysis, etc. Don’t forget to research and gather all the pertinent details on that subject.
The body of your informative speech essay should provide all the necessary information and materials to your audience. It has to piece out fully the lack of information on this issue. Use various sources, facts and expert judgments. Make sure all your facts are accurate. Create an outline that will organize your facts in a logical way. If a simple persuasive essay contains one statement for one paragraph and relevant evidence, then, in our case, each paragraph must contain a certain informative facts line. For example: if your issue is «Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease», then your body must contain full and comprehensive particulars about the reported cases of heart disease, its numbers and severity of the problem.
Then, tell about the research and experiments that prove possible connection of Cholesterol and Heart Disease, as well as specify necessarily, all arguments against this theory. Present all the necessary statistics and facts.
As usual, move here from specific to general. You should to restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against the main thesis of your topic. As the example of informative essay closing, you can start with the following words: «So that now you know more about the elevated blood cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia and that it can be one of the most important risk factors for myocardial infarction. » However, you should NEVER introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion. Its main purpose is to round off your informative essay by summing up.
And finally, remember that informative essay is not a persuasive essay; it should be objective and impartial. It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
7 steps to succeed in the informative essay writing
- Choose the topic for your informative essay.
- Remember that the aim of informative essay is not impose your view, but to inform and educate the audience on a topic chosen.
- Create the outline that will organize your facts in a logical way.
- List all the questions you have about your topic and what you are going to perform.
- Gather all the necessary information for the work, from at least four sources.
- Research your topic online and in a library. Find authoritative, credible sources
- Analyze the facts and research details found.
- Present the topic and grab your audience attention.
- Give some background information about the key words and terminology.
- Compare the viewpoints and facts on a controversial subject or different sources data.
- Start with a general idea which gradually get more and more specific.
Imagine the inverted pyramid:
-Provide all the necessary information and materials to your target audience
-Use various sources, facts and expert judgments
-Make sure all your facts are accurate
- Restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against your main thesis
- Never introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion
- The main purpose for your conclusion is to round off the essay by summing up
Analyze all the work done.
Think whether all the information has been provided and if there could arise any prejudices in the audience according to the material presented
Informative essay is not a persuasive essay;
It should be objective and impartial;
Your writing should be both informative and interesting without making an argument or imparting the author’s view point
It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
Here are some possible titles for your informative essay to choose from:
How to Buy a Nice House
Understanding Your Credit Score
The Importance of Regular Daily Exercises
The Causes of Global Warming
Cost Savings of Hybrid Vehicles
Qualifications of Contractors
Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease
Defining Poverty in the City of Chicago
Reducing Carbon Emissions with Alternative Fuels
How to Get your Commercial Driver’s License
The Health Benefits and disadvantages of a Vegetarian Diet
Why Cleaning Your Ducts is Important
Understanding Geothermal Heating and Cooling
How to Write Informative Essay Outline
At some point in your school life, you will be asked to write an informative essay. In most occasions, teachers provide students with topics or ask them to choose their preferred topics. It is important to select a topic you are familiar with to avoid the challenges of research and also the challenge of finding a starting point.
An informative essay is written with the sole purpose of educating or informing your readership about a certain topic or idea. The writer mainly focuses on relaying the facts to the audience. Here, the writer’s opinion is not encouraged because the emphasis should be on providing factual information regarding a topic. The primary goal should be to ensure that the readership learns something new about an idea.
Tips Concerning Introduction Writing
The introduction of an informative essay mainly defines the topic under review. The writer also includes information that will help the readers to understand the other parts of the essay. Introductions are often short and direct. The information provided or included here should be enough to entice the audience to continue reading the essay. It is easy to get stuck while writing the introduction and some students often find it hard to begin their essay.
However, the following tips can help students to develop an easier way of approaching their introductions:
- Understand the essay’s topic or goal or focus.
- Begin with a hook. Capture the audience’s attention in the introduction.
- Narrow down the scope of the essay.
- Avoid ambiguity in your thesis statement.
Tips on Thesis Writing
A thesis statement is normally included in the introduction and seeks to reveal the writer’s stance on a particular topic. When writing an informative essay, research is an essential part, and it should form the basis of a student’s essay. Before the writer develops their thesis statement, it is important that they conduct extensive research. Since informative essays are factual, it is essential for the writer to avoid including information that contradicts the existing facts.
When writing a thesis statement for an informative essay, consider the following tips:
- Make the thesis statement interesting or argumentative. In most occasions, students often write standard statements, but it is always fascinating whenever someone decides to deviate from the norm.
- Avoid the use of cliché phrases when writing your thesis statement. For example, “This article will focus on…”
- Make the scope of the statement narrow. The entire essay will be based on this statement and, therefore, the scope is determined by this statement.
Tips on Body Paragraphs
The body of an essay contains arguments and statements that support or build on the thesis statement. In the body of an informative essay, the writer mainly provides the audience with factual information regarding the topic under study. The information included here should be based on extensive research using credible sources.
When asked to write an informative essay, consider the following tips on writing the body paragraphs:
- Use topic sentence. Each supporting argument should be the first sentence of the subsequent paragraphs after the introduction.
- Start with the widely accepted facts about the topic under review. It is always advisable to start an essay with your strongest points. These tend to capture the reader’s attention and make them want to read the remaining bit.
- Avoid including your opinion, but base your arguments on exhaustive research.
- Make use of transition words, for example, Firstly, Additionally, Subsequently, etc. These help readers identify the main facts and to distinguish them from supporting insertions.
Tips on Conclusion
Essentially, a conclusion gifts the writer with the opportunity of leaving a lasting impression on the readers. It is, therefore, important for the writer to make their point stand out. An informative essay should educate, and by the end of such an essay, readers should remember the main points.
For the above to take place, consider the following tips to help you write your conclusion:
- Restate the essay’s thesis.
- Highlight the main points or arguments that were included in the essay.
- Offer suggestions for further research on the topic while also pointing out the existing loopholes in the study of the subject.
Example of an Outline
An informative essay outline mainly includes the main points that the writer will include in their essay. An outline for an informative essay should be developed when the writer is conducting his research because it will help them to remember the most important points. Informative essay outline writing should not be a challenging task because while developing it, the rules of writing do not apply. Essay writing begins with the development of an informative essay outline.
Below is an example of an informative essay outline on the topic Caffeine Addiction.
- Define the topic (what is caffeine addiction?).
- Brief background information about caffeine addiction (How can a person be a caffeine addict? How does the brain become addicted? What happens when someone decides to quit caffeine?).
- Thesis statement (Focus the essay on the relationship between Caffeine and the risk of heart diseases and Osteoporosis – in other words define the scope of the essay).
- Caffeine and Osteoporosis.
- Caffeine and Heart diseases.
- How to quit caffeine and ultimately ending the addiction.
- Restate the thesis (mention how caffeine is connected or could make it possible for a person to get a heart disease or osteoporosis).
- Reiterate the importance of the study concerning the effects of caffeine.
- No definition of caffeine addiction.
- Provides detailed information about caffeine addiction (the introduction ends up being more than two paragraphs and mind you it could be a five paragraph essay).
- Inclusion of a thesis statement that does not provide a narrow scope (this means the writer has not made it known to the audience what aspect of caffeine addiction they will be discussing).
- Caffeine and heart diseases.
- The dehydrating effect of caffeine.
- Caffeine and pregnant women.
- Health benefits of caffeine.
- Caffeine and insomnia.
- Effects of caffeine on children (Introduces new information in the conclusion).
- Lacks direct thesis statement and therefore fails to restate it.