by Professor Jill Manthorpe, director of the Social Care Workforce Research Unit, King’s College London.
Writing an essay on aspects of adult safeguarding is likely to be intellectually interesting as well as useful in practice. Many people find it brings together different parts of an academic course – law, ethics, risk analysis and social policy, for example. If you are seeking a job in adult services, knowledge of adult safeguarding is likely to be important in selling yourself as up-to-date and conscious of the social work role.
Your essay question may offer a steer about whether the focus of your work should be on policy or practice. Policy is easy to research since there has been much interest in revising national guidance and research on policy effectiveness. The literature also provides opportunities to compare different systems internationally.
Like many areas, discussion in the literature generally has the benefit of hindsight and so we have limited examples of practice where abuse was prevented or stopped in its tracks. Care needs to be taken in seeing accounts of practice as inadequate without knowledge of the context.
Good essays on adult safeguarding will:
• be aware of the law;
• note that social workers’ practice takes place in an organisation that has policy and procedures on this subject, and that adults have rights to refuse help at most time.
You might find it helpful to draw on learning around the Mental Capacity Act, other legal provision, risk management and the limits of regulation.
In the context of personalisation, you will doubtless find material that talks of the risks from growing use of personal budgets. You will need to make judgements about whether this is balanced and proportionate.
Finally, like most subjects, care is needed about definitions. Watch out for essay titles that may be asking you to look at just one type of abuse or focus on one client/user group. This needs to be prominent in your answer.
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Social Work and Adult Health Care Essay
1823 Words8 Pages
Social work is a service that provides 'universalist services outside the market on the principle of need' (Titmuss, 1974, p.146). It maintains welfare of the public, and its basic role in adult social care is to focus on individuals, families and communities, and to ensure their well-being. By doing so, social workers improve quality of life, and serve for betterment of the whole community, thus enabling a social change. Today, much of these social work services is guaranteed by social policies and laws, which ensure delivery of social care to different individuals. However, there are significant drawbacks in social work practice, and issues that need to be addressed by the public and by social workers themselves. This essay…show more content…
It also operates on a larger scale by educating, 'engaging in social and political action to impact social policy' (The International Federation of Social Workers, 2014, p.n.g.), and by involving the right people and organisations. A legal framework for these services is based on the Health and Community Care Act 1990 and the Health and Social Care Act 2012. These acts define rights and responsibilities for social workers in adult social care and associated services. They state that local authorities are in charge of social care provisions, having relevant services at hand, and supplying adequate support (Department of Health, 2010). Section 47(1) of the Health and Community Care Act 1990 requires councils to provide assessment for potential social care and support, and to provide a suitable service to eligible individuals, according to section 4 of the Disabled Persons Act 1986. This shift in power from central to local authorities creates a market, where NHS trusts and other organisations provide services, and the local authorities choose and market these from their budgets. The councils are 'set free to run innovative local schemes and build local networks of support' (Department of Health, 2010, p.4).Thus, this legislative emphasises community and home care, where carers and patients can work together. In other words, the government encourages councils and their social work departments to be independent of any state bureaucracy, and to explore their